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Health, Medicine & Nursing

How can I become

also known as Doktor*in, Mediziner*in


Working as Doctor

Important Abilities for Doctor

In times of digitalisation, you are now fighting against Doctor Google. Many patients search on the Internet for possible diseases, which correspond to their symptoms. Since pain in the arm in the head can quickly appear as a serious illness, your task is to take care of fears and enlightenment after the examination. Medical expertise should really only be presented by the specialist - a doctor. To communicate this, you should continue to develop your knowledge continuously. Anatomy is something you learn during your studies and should never forget! You should be informed about new treatment methods as well as about the "classics". In addition, you should be an expert on first aid and can also reanimate in emergency situations. Many people are afraid to go to the doctor or of the examination, so you have to do psychological work and have a lot of empathy.

How to become Doctor?

Doctors have a lot of responsibility in their jobs. Therefore, the occupational designation doctor is also protected by the state and requires a legally regulated training. This begins with a study of human medicine. In Germany the students are designated according to the so-called Numerus Clausus, while in Austria, the study places are awarded through a suitability test. Numerus Clausus is, incidentally, also the reason why many physicians begin to study abroad first.

In Germany, if you got a study place, you have to pass the state exam. Only then can you get your medical approval without which you may not be a practicing doctor. Then you have to decide to either be trained as specialist or to be trained as a general practitioner. In Austria, the so-called Clinical Practical Year (CPY) starts already during the 6th year of your study. This is followed by a 9-month basic training before you can start the real job. Afterwards you have to decide for a training to be a specialist or the general medicine.


  • Study of human medicine with passed state examination
  • Medical approbation
  • Subsequent decision for general medical or specialist training


  • Study of Human Medicine with Clinical Practical Year (CPY)
  • Nine month basic training
  • Subsequent decision for general medical or specialist training

Training and Specializations

Normally doctors make an apprenticeship as a general practitioner or specialize themselves with further training. This means they choose a particular medical specialty. The training usually takes between 5 and 6 years. Even on the career ladder they can still rise and become, for example, Attending or Head of department.

Further Education

  • Education as a general practitioner
  • Specialist training
  • Head of department
  • Attending
  • Medical Director


  • Anesthesia and emergency medicine
  • Surgery
  • Cardiology
  • Orthopedy
  • Pediatry
  • Dermatology

Future Prospects as Doctor

Although the physician population is relatively high in both Germany and Austria, there is a growing need for new practices, especially in more rural areas, whether it is for general practitioners or specialists such as orthopedists, ophthalmologists or pediatricians. Access to cash agreements is different, however, depending on the region. Especially in cities, there is great competition for the contracts, which is why longer waiting times are expected. As a practicing physician you should expect regular training. After all, there are always new medical findings, new treatment methods and advanced technology. If you find that after your studies you do not want to be a practicing doctor, you can also switch to the pharmaceutical industry with your completed medical studies.