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Gärtner*in

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Agriculture, Animals & PlantsEnvironment, Energy & Commodities

How can I become

also known as Landschaftsgärtner*in, Landschaftsarchitekt*in, Gartenbauarchitekt*in, Gärtnerfacharbeiter*in, Facharbeiter*in für Gartenbau
Morgens halb 10 in Deutschland: Statt einen Schokoriegel aufzureißen, gehst du in deinen Garten und erntest deine eigene Gurke als Snack für den kleinen Hunger. Du kannst jede deiner Blumen benennen und sogar die Gräser im nahegelegenen Wald unterscheiden. Dein Interesse an der Natur und an Pflanzen lässt sich perfekt in einer Ausbildung zum Facharbeiter im Bereich Gartenbau ausleben. In diesem Job wirst du Experte für die unterschiedlichsten Zierpflanzen, Gemüse- und Obstsorten, Gehölze und Gräser. Nicht nur aus deinem Heimatland, sondern aus allen Klimazonen. Die tägliche Herausforderung besteht darin vor allem nichtheimische Pflanzen durch die richtige Pflege aufrecht zu erhalten. Das bedeutet eine individuelle Gieß-, Dünger- und Schnittarbeit für jedes Exemplar. Dabei legst du die Kulturen entweder im Freien oder in Glashäusern an. Das bekannte Liedzitat der Fantastischen Vier “wir ernten was wir säen” bekommt in deinem Beruf eine neue Bedeutung. Denn du erntest wirklich was du säst. Im Idealfall verkaufst du es dann auch gleich an Kunden oder Großhändler weiter. Wenn du nicht an der Produktion von Pflanzenkulturen beteiligt bist, kannst du dich um öffentliche Parks kümmern oder helfen botanische Gärten zu pflegen und immer wieder neu zu bepflanzen.

Gärtner*innen Videostories7

Working as Gärtner*in

Important Abilities for Gärtner*in

As a specialist for horticulture, you should have a great interest and passion for plants. For the joy of work is essential. You will have to acquire a lot of expertise in this area and the work will be physically demanding. Most work must be done on the knees or in a bent posture. For example when weeding or when seeding. In addition, you must keep an eye on your plants in order to be able to intervene in case of pest infestation.

You also need expert knowledge for the tools and technical equipment you are using. You will not only use them, you will also have to take over the maintenance and carry out repairs if necessary. If, for example, a watering system fails, you must be able to solve the problem. Time pressure plays an important role here. Many plants are sensitive and must always be properly tempered and watered.

Contact with customers and suppliers is part of everyday life. So you should know how to deal with each person. Also salesmanship can help you sell your products.

How to become Gärtner*in?

In order to become a specialist for horticulture you have to complete a three-year apprenticeship. The access requirement is the compulsory schooling of 9 years and a broad general knowledge about plants and nature. Agriculture and forestry schools also offer horticulture. At these schools, you can visit the branches of education in gardening and landscaping.

In Germany, there is no teaching profession for horticulture. You will find a similar education in the job of the gardener. Here, however, you have to decide in which discipline you would like to specialise. For example, you have to choose between cemetery, orchard and ornamental plant.

Austria

  • Apprenticeship as a specialist gardener
  • Visiting a vocational school

- Gardening and landscaping

- Commercial gardening

Germany

  • Training as a gardener

Training and Specializations

  • Various areas of horticulture

- organic farming

- Vegetable production

- Fruit production

- Perennial herb

- Ornamental plant construction

- Gardening and landscaping

- Forestry

  • Self-employment as a gardener

Future Prospects as Gärtner*in

In the gardening trade you have various possibilities for employment. Either in a small, medium or large enterprise, as an employee for a city, in a research facility, in a botanical garden or in a cemetery. You can also become a landscape gardener, self-employed or open a flower shop. For the latter two job opportunities it is necessary to finish the further education to the gardening master.

In general, the industry is growing in demand, as the issues of environmental protection and 'green life' are becoming increasingly important. Despite the good prospects, you should not forget that the trade depends on economic factors. Depending on how much budget, for example, a city has available, the amount that it puts into the planting will change. Even in self-employment, you will notice economic crisis situations. In the case of a difficult financial situation, private customers, in particular, tend to renounce the professional care of their garden. However, since you combine several professions in one, you can easily adapt market changes and move into other areas.