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Gesundheits- und Krankenpfleger*in

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Health, Medicine & Nursing

How can I become

also known as Schwester*Pfleger, Krankenpfleger*in
Dir geht es wie Sheldon Cooper von The Big Bang Theory und du siehst an jeder Ecke Bakterien, die auf dich lauern? Der Kontakt mit Menschen ist dir generell eher unangenehm und außerdem hast du panische Angst vor Nadeln und Blut? Dann ist der Beruf von Gesundheits- und Krankenpflegern nicht für dich geeignet. Denn in diesem Job hilfst du kranken und pflegebedürftigen Menschen sich zu rehabilitieren und übernimmst die Gesundheitsversorgung. Du assistierst Ärzten und führst ihre Anweisungen durch. Das bedeutet, du legst Infusionen, nimmst Blut ab, versorgst Wunden und kümmerst dich um gesundheitliche Checks, wie das Blutdruckmessen und die Kontrolle des Körpergewichts. Anschließend informierst du die Ärzte über Auffälligkeiten. Außerdem unterstützt du die Patienten in Sachen Ernährung und Körperpflege. Besonders im ambulanten Pflegedienst hilfst du ihnen beim Waschen und bei der Nahrungsaufnahme. Dabei achtest du darauf, die Versorgung individuell an die Bedürfnisse der Patienten anzupassen. Du musst zum Beispiel Allergien und emotionale Hintergründe berücksichtigen. Denn für viele Menschen bist du auch eine Art Seelsorger. Unregelmäßige Arbeitszeiten sollten dich nicht abschrecken, denn du arbeitest vor allem in Schichten. Das bedeutet, je nach Wochenplan bist du morgens, tagsüber oder nachts eingeteilt. Auch an Feiertagen und Wochenenden wirst du deinen Tag nicht immer zuhause verbringen. Denn ein Krankenhaus kann nicht einfach für ein paar Tage schließen, während Patienten versorgt werden müssen. Allerdings bekommen Krankenpfleger als Entschädigung für die Arbeitszeiten einen Gehaltsausgleich in Form von Zuschlägen und Freizeitausgleich.

Gesundheits- und Krankenpfleger*innen Videostories31

Working as Gesundheits- und Krankenpfleger*in

Important Abilities for Gesundheits- und Krankenpfleger*in

Your extensive expertise in everyday medical practice is your greatest asset. S very great portion in education is in theory which will help you later to apply the practical gadgets. You have a lot of responsibility in your job, so the education is very important. You should also be able to demonstrate computer skills and commercial competences as you also carry out administrative tasks. The management of protocols and the coordination of treatment processes is as much a part of your tasks as the removal of blood and the treatment of wounds. You also monitor the stocks of preparations, medications and associations. If you work in a management position, for example, as a station nurse, you also assign the staff.

For many patients, nurses are the link between them and the doctors. Empathy and the right communication can therefore help build the important trust base. You have to be mentally resilient, as some patients will entrust you with personal things. Older people in particular need you to listen, since they often have little contact with others. But also physically you should be fit. After all, you are on your feet the most part of the day and you must be able to react quickly if there is an emergency. Frequently, the care is also exhausting, since you help the patient to wash or to stand up.

How to become Gesundheits- und Krankenpfleger*in?

In Germany and Austria the training to become a health and nurse are very different. Therefore, there are also different access requirements. In Germany there is actually a three-year vocational training. For this, you need an intermediate education or a previous vocational training. In addition, you must prove a medical certificate that proves that you are fit and healthy. In Austria too, you need proof of your health. Here, however, there are currently two possibilities to learn the profession. You can either go to a general health and nursing school, or you can take a practice-oriented Bachelor's degree course. Both courses last three years. However, starting in December 2015, school-based training is to be abolished step by step to unify the path of education.

Germany

Training as nurse

  • Requirements

- middle School graduation

- Postgraduate degree with completed vocational training

- medical certificate

Austria

  • School of General Health and Nursing (3 years)

- Prerequisites: 10 years of school, health suitability, admission test / talk

  • Bachelor's degree at a university of applied sciences (6 semesters)

- Prerequisites: general university maturity, health suitability

- Bachelor's degree

Training and Specializations

In health care, there are numerous specialisations and further training for nurses. Either you can go in a special direction, or climb up the career ladder. Studying is not excluded.

  • Further education as a specialist nurse

. -Pediatrics care

- Psychiatric health and medical care

- Anaesthesia

- Intensive care

- Emergency medicine

- Oncological care

- Hygiene specialist

- Palliative care

  • Continuing education to leadership positions

- Leading staff

- Station nurse

- Courses in dementia studies

- Courses in family health care

  • University Studies

- Human medicine

- Care management

- Care pedagogy

Future Prospects as Gesundheits- und Krankenpfleger*in

After your education you can choose many paths since nurses are not only needed in hospitals but also in other medical institutions like a doctor's office, private practices or nursing homes. Outpatient care also offers employment opportunities. In this area, you can even become self-employed. With further training, it is possible to perform leading positions or to become a specialist nurse. Here you can choose between different disciplines. From hygiene to intensive care and palliative care to oncology, there is a great variety. In general, you will run out of possible career prospects, as more and more people are in need of care and need health care.

Like many fields of activity, the medical and health sector is also affected by digitisation. In July 2015 the project "CCS Telehealth Ostsachsen" started in Germany. Through an IT platform, doctors, nursing staff and patients are to be networked. Especially in rural areas, the system is designed to help provide patients with better counselling and care.