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How can I become

also known as Reporter*in, Redakteur*in


Working as Journalist*in

Important Abilities for Journalist*in

Your job as a journalist is to inform yourself and others thoroughly about a topic or current events by means of research or interviews. In addition to good general education and the necessary expertise, for example, on press and copyright, you also need good language skills and communication skills. Depending on the nature of your topics, you have more or less contact with people.

When it comes to preparing information for the readership in an appealing manner, you will be able to gain knowledge in computer science, web design, graphics and image processing. With creativity you can write your articles particularly exciting and fascinating. Be aware, however, that you as a journalist should be able to work well under time pressure.

How to become Journalist*in?

As a journalist, you can also work without specific studies or professional training, since the title is not legally protected. If you decide to study, practice-oriented universities of applied sciences offer the possibility to study journalism, media, communication and / or in combination with management, design and others. You also have access to studies such as journalism,, media or communication science at universities. However, be aware that these are courses of study that will not train you for your future profession, since great emphasis is often placed on theory. You should, therefore, try to gain practical work experience for example by writing for your local newspaper, or an internship or volunteer work in an editorial office, while ideally looking for a paid job.

Colleges or journalism schools are designed for practice. The latter are often private educational institutions with admission procedures.

Training and Specializations

In addition to a school for journalists, a specialist course provides further good access to journalism, which can then be the subject of your reporting. For example, a biologist, with his knowledge and study-accompanying practice in writing articles or additional training, becomes a specialist journalist on biology topics and, for example, can include information from the research.

There are numerous opportunities for further education in various media categories: from film and video technology to speech training for moderators or press reviewers to graphic design for web designers. For technical aspects, you may also be in contact with your profession.

Future Prospects as Journalist*in

The prospects for the future in journalism look very different depending on the medium. While, for example, quality magazines are increasingly faced with financing difficulties, the online area is growing. For you as a journalist this means that you have more options and that there are more formats for which you can work. At the same time, many media companies are focusing more on freelance journalists who have to re-negotiate their salary again and again - as opposed to fixed salaries. In doing so, you will be less constrained for your work, but at the same time you have to invest more time in getting orders, or making sure that your articles, pictures and videos are published for money.

Media companies face the challenge of guaranteeing independent reporting and financing them at the same time. Journalists are currently experiencing this problem clearly. But even if not all media have found a way to do so, innovative financing models are emerging that could shape the future of journalism.